Known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters, Phoenix provides several landscape challenges. Among these challenges are unique soil compositions and extreme temperature fluctuations. Drought-like conditions also provide challenges as residents are required to conserve water.
Luckily, there are many plant species that are either native or well-adapted to the area that – when combined with other materials like river rock, pavers, and earth-colored stucco – can make your dream of an environmentally friendly, eye-catching landscape a reality. For inspiration, visit the Desert Botanical Garden, then contact a professional landscaper in Phoenix who specializes in creating desert landscape designs.
Here are some essentials for designing a desert landscape.
In recent years, native plants have become increasingly popular; valued for their ability to thrive with little water. Native perennials like penstemon, sage, and marigold are known to add pops of color. Succulents such as blue yucca, desert spoon, and agave add regional flare. Native plants are also known to provide food and shelter for the area’s diverse wildlife. Use the Arizona Municipal Water Users Association (AMWUA) website for information on these and other low-water-use plants.
As you consider essentials for your desert landscape design, keep in mind that you can add tremendous appeal to your front or backyard with hardscaping such as a paved patio, fire pit or sitting area. Other ideas include sculpture gardens, resurfaced driveways, and outdoor kitchens. There is a wide range of materials that can be used for these and other hardscaping projects. It’s a good idea to contact a professional landscaper when considering adding hardscaping to your landscape.
Drip irrigation systems are designed to deliver a consistent amount of water over an extended period. They typically put out water at a leisurely rate of 1/4 to 4 gallons per hour to sufficiently hydrate your plants, trees, and shrubs. Drip irrigation not only helps to ensure the plants survival during dry, hot summers, but its productivity as well. Thanks to today’s technology, some irrigation systems can even be automated, saving time to smell the flowers as they bloom in the spring and early summer.
Gravel serves many purposes, from solving drainage issues to lending textural appeal, making it one of the most popular landscape materials with today’s homeowners. It can also be compacted, making it an ideal choice for pathways. The most common types of landscaping gravel are crushed stones, pea gravel, and decomposed granite. River rock is also included in this category. Gravel is available in a variety colors and sizes to complement most any architecture.
Mulch provides several benefits, including acting as a soil insulator to keep the roots of plants cool during the summer and warm during the winter, and preventing excess water evaporation. These benefit makes mulch – either organic or inorganic – essential in desert landscape design. Mulch also has weed suppressing properties. It is available in wide range of naturalistic colors. When applying to garden beds, layer three inches deep to ensure sufficient covering.